mercoledì 10 dicembre 2008

Dr Norberto Tonini (Pres. Bits) membro del World Committee di Etica del Turismo (del UNWTO)

The Members of the World Committee were elected by the UNWTO Regional Commissions and the UNWTO Business and Education Councils, and endorsed by the General Assembly at its 17th session of November 2007. The Chairman of the Committee has been elected by the Members of the World Committee, upon proposal of the UNWTO Secretary-General, on the occasion its sixth meeting held in Madrid, Spain, on 13 and 14 March 2008.
Chairman: Mr. Dawid de Villiers (South Africa) Members corresponding to the six Regional Commissions
Africa - Member: Mr. Goodie Minabo Ibru (Nigeria) (member in 2007-2009 and alternate in 2009-2011)
- Alternate: Mr. Aloyce K. Nzuki (United Republic of Tanzania) (alternate in 2007-2009 and member in 2009-2011)
Americas - Member: Mr. Carlos Gutiérrez (Argentina) (member in 2007-2009 and alternate in 2009-2011)
- Alternate: Mr. Hermes Navarro del Valle (Costa Rica) (alternate in 2007-2009 and member in 2009-2011)
East Asia and
the Pacific - Member: Mrs. Victoria V. Jasmin (Philippines)
- Alternate: Mr. I. Gede Ardika (Indonesia)
Europe - Member: Mr. Helmut Krüger (Germany)
- Alternate: Mr. Zoltàn Somogyi (Hungary)
Middle East - Member: Ms. Laurice Hlass (Jordan)
- Alternate: Mr. Mahmoud El Kaysouny (Egypt)
South Asia - Member: Mr. Iqbal Walji (Pakistan)
- Alternate: Mr. Mohamad Ali Pakseresht (Iran)

Associate Members:
Mr. Carlos Alberto Silva (Madeira), member
Mr. Urbain Claeys (Flemish Community of Belgium), alternate

Affiliate Members:
Employers - Member: Mrs. Christel de Haan (Group RCI)
- Alternate: Mr. Julio C. Abreu (European Federation of Associations of Professional Congress Organizers [EFAPCO])
Employees - Member: Mr. Ron Oswald (International Union of Food, Agricultural, Hotel, Restaurant, Catering, Tobacco and Allied Workers’ Associations [IUF/UITA])
- Alternate: Mr. Norberto Latorre (Unión de Trabajadores del Turismo, Hoteleros y Gastronómicos de la República Argentina [UTHGRA])

Educational institutions - Member: Ms. Sietske Gras-Dijkstra (NHTV Breda University of Professional Education) (Netherlands)
- Alternate: Mr. Steve Noakes (Griffith University) (Australia)
Non-governmental organizations - Member: Mr. Norberto Tonini (International Bureau of Social Tourism [BITS])
- Alternate: Mr. Sultan Abu Jaber (Arab Tourist Organization)
Principles: The Code includes nine(9) articles outlining the "rules of the game" for destinations, governments, tour operators, developers, travel agents, workers and travellers themselves. The tenth article involves the redress of grievances and marks the first time that a code of this type will have a mechanism for enforcement.


Tourism's contribution to mutual understanding and respect between peoples and societies

Tourism as a vehicle for individual and collective fulfilment

Tourism, a factor of sustainable development

Tourism, a user of the cultural heritage of mankind and contributor to its enhancement
Tourism, a beneficial activity for host countries and communities

Obligations of stakeholders in tourism development

Right to tourism

Liberty of tourist movements

Rights of the workers and entrepreneurs in the tourism industry

Implementation of the principles of the Global Code of Ethics for Tourism

Dichiarazione di BUKHARA ottobre 2002
  1. Recognizing the value of tourism as a contributor to peaceful coexistence, mutual understanding and respect among people and as an instrument for the dissemination of knowledge about historical, cultural and spiritual values,
  2. Recalling the principles of the Samarkand Declaration on Silk Road Tourism (1994), of the Khiva Declaration on Tourism and the Preservation of the Cultural Heritage (1999), and the Conclusions and Recommendations of the Second and Third International Meetings on the Silk Road, held respectively in Teheran, Iran (1997) and Tbilisi, Georgia (1998),
  3. Considering that Silk Road countries possess attractive and diversified tourism products based on their outstanding natural and cultural heritage, which could be made more widely available for domestic and international tourists,
  4. Noting the economic and social benefits of tourism, in particular, cultural and ecological tourism, for Silk Road destinations and their populations,
  5. Striving to give fresh impetus to the WTO Silk Road Tourism Project, which over the years has served as a useful and effective tool for launching new destinations and promoting established ones,
  6. Cognizant of the difficulties faced by tourists in obtaining visas for travel to the Silk Road countries; and recalling the recommendations contained in the WTO Study on Visa Facilitation in the Silk Road countries,
  7. Acknowledging the need for new efforts in the wake of the crisis that followed the tragic events of September 11th 2001 and that has affected the global tourism industry and produced unjustified perceptions and security concerns regarding some Silk Road destinations
  8. Pledge to undertake new efforts aimed at strengthening regional cooperation in tourism, both in the framework of the WTO Silk Road Project, and on other multilateral and bilateral bases for the benefit of the participating countries;
  9. Appeal to the Governments of the Silk Road countries to carefully consider the advantages of facilitating tourist formalities, in particular, visa and customs procedures; such measures, while taking into account legitimate security concerns, would remove unnecessary obstacles to access tourist destinations by bona fide international travellers, thus strengthening their competitive position in the global tourism market;
  10. Encourage public and private sectors including central and regional Governments, local communities and the travel trade to develop tourism on a sustainable basis, with due respect to natural environments and heritage sites, and to actively promote Silk Road destinations in the promising generating markets;
  11. Invite local and international stakeholders to invest in Silk Road tourism facilities, which would both bring economic benefits and serve as a source of local incomes, jobs and social and economic stability;
  12. Appeal to all the Governments, in observance of the Global Code of Ethics for Tourism, to issue balanced advisories to their nationals without prejudicing in an unjustified and exaggerated manner the tourism industry of the Silk Road countries;
  13. Appeal to all the media to disseminate honest and balanced information on the situation in the Silk Road countries, which could influence the flow of tourists;
  14. Endorse the generous proposal of the Government of the Republic of Uzbekistan to open and operate, in the heritage city of Samarkand, a Silk Road office, which would perform its activities for the benefit of all Silk Road countries; and submit this proposal to the WTO Secretary-General for its implementation;
  15. Note with satisfaction the wide use of the Silk Road Tourism Project emblem and its effectiveness as a tool for promotion, and request the WTO Secretariat to study ways of maximising and fully exploiting its potential in the future;
  16. Also note with satisfaction the effectiveness of the Silk Road Brochure published by WTO in 1997 thanks to the generous support of the Government of Japan; and suggest that an updated version be published with support of Silk Road countries;
  17. Accept with gratitude the kind invitation of Syria to host the next Silk Road Tourism Meeting in 2003; and take note of the kind offers by Azerbaijan and Pakistan to host future Silk Road Meetings;
  18. Express our sincere gratitude to the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan for providing optimal conditions for holding the Meeting and for the generous hospitality extended to all the participants

The Declaration was adopted on 27 October 2002 in Bukhara by the participants in the 4th International Meeting on the Silk Road, convened by the World Tourism Organization on the generous invitation of the Government of the Republic of Uzbekistan.